Physics

CERN Physicists Discover Two New Particles

Physicists from CERN’s Large Hadron Collider beauty (LHCb) experiment have found two never-before-seen particles, as well as hints of another new particle, in high-energy proton collisions. The LHCb magnet. Image credit: CERN. The newly-discovered particles, named Σb(6097)+ and Σb(6097)–, are predicted by the quark model, and belong to the same …

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The Large Hadron Collider Came Online 10 Years Ago Today

The Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is the most complex machine ever built by humanity. It took thousands of scientists from more than 100 countries to make the LHC a reality, and it became a reality exactly 10 years ago today. That’s when CERN completed the first full proton beam circulation inside …

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Stanford Researchers Build AI Directly Into Camera Optics

Until recently, cameras were exclusively designed to create images for humans — for fun, for art, and for documenting history. With the rapid growth of robots as well as various other kinds of machines and vehicles that need to observe and learn from their environment, many cameras are dedicated to …

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Experiment Provides Further Insights into Higgs Boson Physics

A new experiment by physicists at the University of Bonn, Germany, has achieved a Higgs-like state in a system composed of ultracold atoms. Excitation spectra of the Higgs-like state: (a) excitation spectra of the Higgs-like state for different interaction strengths, 1/(kFa); the different levels of background condensate fraction are due …

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Researchers Explore Limits of the Periodic Table of Elements

At 150 years old, the periodic table of chemical elements is still growing. In 2016, four new elements with atomic numbers 113, 115, 117 and 118 were added to it: nihonium, moscovium, tennessine, and oganesson. It took a decade and worldwide effort to confirm these elements, and now scientists wonder: …

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