Tuesday , October 16 2018

Medicine

New Study Reveals Link between Gut Microbiota and Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is an immune-mediated autoimmune disease of the central nervous system that develops in genetically susceptible individuals and requires environmental triggers. A new study, published in the journal Science Translational Medicine, shows that gut microbiota could play a big role in the pathogenesis of this disease. Under a high …

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Researchers Find New Way to Prevent Acute Asthmatic Symptoms

Asthma is one of the most common lung diseases, affecting 241 million people worldwide. This disease is characterized by airflow limitation caused by inflammation, excess mucous secretion, remodeling changes, such as goblet cell metaplasia and increased smooth muscle mass and acute conducting airway constriction in response to stimuli, usually allergens. …

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Bee Venom Could Help Treat Atopic Dermatitis

New research, conducted by scientists from Korea and Australia, paves the way for a new treatment for atopic dermatitis, by testing the effect of bee venom and its major component, melittin, on mice and human cells. Hyun-Jin An et al found that bee venom and melittin possess potent anti-atopic activities. …

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New Smartphone App Accurately Measures Blood Pressure from Fingertip

A team of researchers at Michigan State University has developed an iPhone X app that measures blood pressure via the ‘oscillometric finger pressing method.’ Chandrasekhar et al invented a proof-of-concept blood pressure app that can give accurate readings using an iPhone. Image credit: Michigan State University. “By leveraging optical and …

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Experimental Vaccine-Adjuvant Combination Eliminates Melanoma in Mice

A team of scientists from the Scripps Research Institute and the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center has demonstrated that adding an ‘adjuvant’ molecule called diprovocim to a new vaccine can draw cancer-fighting cells to tumor sites. An experimental vaccine that boosts the immune system’s ability to fight cancers could …

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Diclofenac Linked to Increased Cardiovascular Health Risks

A traditional non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) called diclofenac poses a cardiovascular health risk compared with no use, paracetamol use, and use of other traditional NSAIDs, according to a study led by Aarhus University Hospital researchers. Diclofenac is associated with an increased risk of major cardiovascular events. Image credit: Petr Vnukko. …

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Researchers Create Micromotor Pill

A team of scientists at the University of California, San Diego has found a way to encapsulate micromotors into pills. The pill’s coating protects the devices as they traverse the digestive system prior to releasing their drug cargo. Karshalev et al created a micromotor pill and demonstrated its attractive use …

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Higher Dairy Consumption Reduces Risk of Cardiovascular Disease

According to investigators from the Prospective Urban and Rural Epidemiology (PURE) study, dairy intake of around three standard servings per day is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease and mortality, compared to lower levels of consumption. Dairy consumption was associated with lower risk of mortality and major cardiovascular disease …

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