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, New  Species of Centipede, Innovation ΛI

New Species of Centipede

A team of biologists from Japan has discovered a new species of the genus Scolopendra living in the forests of the Ryukyu Archipelago and Taiwan. Scolopendra alcyona found underwater at the upper reach of Shirase River, Kume-jima Island. Image credit; H. Sato. Scolopendra is a genus of large tropical centipedes …

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, New Octopus Species, Innovation ΛI

New Octopus Species

Using a combination of MRI, micro-CT and minimally invasive gene analysis, a team of biologists from the Institut für Evolutionsbiologie und Ökologie at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität has discovered a new species of dumbo octopus — named Grimpoteuthis imperator — living in the northern part of the Emperor Seamounts, an undersea …

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, Fluorescent Frog, Innovation ΛI

Fluorescent Frog

Scientists have described a new species of the frog genus Brachycephalus from the forests of the Brazilian state of São Paulo. Brachycephalus rotenbergae. Image credit: Nunes et al., doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0244812. Brachycephalus is a genus of miniaturized frogs that live in the forest leaf litter and are most active during daylight. …

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, Deepwater Snapper, Innovation ΛI

Deepwater Snapper

A team of marine biologists from the United States, Spain and Taiwan has discovered a new species of the snapper genus Etelis living in Indo-West Pacific waters. Etelis boweni, caught in American Samoa. Image credit: NOAA Fisheries. Etelis is a small genus of massive bottom-dwelling fishes in the family Lutjanidae. …

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, Feral Horses & Donkeys, Innovation ΛI

Feral Horses & Donkeys

Feral equids (horses and donkeys) reintroduced to desert regions in the North American southwest regularly dig wells to expose groundwater, increasing water availability — and sometimes providing the only water available locally — for a wide variety of plant and animal species and ecosystem processes, according to new research led …

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, Scops-Owl Subspecies, Innovation ΛI

Scops-Owl Subspecies

Otus brookii brookii, a subspecies of the Rajah scops-owl (Otus brookii) that had been lost to science since 1892, has been discovered alive and photographed in the montane forests of Mount Kinabalu in Borneo, Malaysia. The first photograph of the Bornean Rajah scops-owl (Otus brookii brookii) in the wild. Image …

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, Light Dark Matter, Innovation ΛI

Light Dark Matter

Dark matter with masses below 1 GeV can scatter, become captured, deposit annihilation energy, and increase the heat flow within extrasolar gas giants, rogue planets and brown dwarfs peppered throughout the Milky Way Galaxy, according to a paper published in the journal Physical Review Letters. Leane Smirnov suggest light dark …

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, Molecular One, Innovation ΛI

Molecular One

Molecular quantum gases (that is, ultracold and dense molecular gases) have many potential applications, including quantum control of chemical reactions, precision measurements, quantum simulation and quantum information processing. For molecules, to reach the quantum regime usually requires efficient cooling at high densities. In new research, physicists from the James Franck …

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, Mushroom Consumption, Innovation ΛI

Mushroom Consumption

A team of researchers from the Penn State College of Medicine and the Pennsylvania State University found that people who incorporated any variety of mushrooms into their daily diets had a lower risk of cancer. Ba et al. show that mushroom may help guard against cancer. Image credit: Barbro Forsberg. …

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, Coffee Consumption, Innovation ΛI

Coffee Consumption

In a study published in March 2021 in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, a team of researchers at the University of South Australia found that people with high blood pressure, angina, and arrhythmia were more likely to drink less coffee, decaffeinated coffee or avoid coffee altogether compared to those …

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, Extinct ‘Horned’ Crocodile, Innovation ΛI

Extinct ‘Horned’ Crocodile

An international team of scientists has recovered and analyzed partial mitochondrial genomes from 1,300-1,400-year-old specimens of Voay robustus, a recently extinct species of ‘horned’ crocodile that lived in Madagascar. Their results indicate that this endemic represented the sister lineage to true crocodiles (Crocodylus) and that the ancestor of modern crocodiles …

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, Hunted for Honey, Innovation ΛI

Hunted for Honey

Historical and ethnographic literature from across Africa suggests bee products, honey and larvae, had considerable importance both as a food source and in the making of honey-based drinks. To investigate this, a team of researchers from the University of Bristol and Goethe University analyzed lipid residues from 458 prehistoric pottery …

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, Neotropical Rainforests, Innovation ΛI

Neotropical Rainforests

About 66 million years ago (the end of the Cretaceous period), a 10-km-wide asteroid crashed into Earth near the site of the small town of Chicxulub in what is now Mexico. The impact unleashed an incredible amount of climate-changing gases into the atmosphere, triggering a chain of events that led …

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, New Research Shows, Innovation ΛI

New Research Shows

Trilobites had well-developed gill-like structures in their upper leg branches, according to a new imaging study led by the University of California, Riverside. Trilobite fossil preserved in pyrite. Image credit: Jin-Bo Hou / University of California, Riverside. Trilobites are extinct marine arthropods that dominated the ecosystems of the Paleozoic era. …

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, Cretaceous Mammal, Innovation ΛI

Cretaceous Mammal

Fossiomanus sinensis and Jueconodon cheni, two distantly related species of mammaliamorphs that lived some 120 million years ago (Early Cretaceous epoch), were well adapted for fossorial (burrowing) life, and are the first ‘scratch-diggers’ known from the Jehol Biota, which is distributed mainly in western Liaoning Province and neighboring areas in …

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