Paleontogly

Why Giant Beavers Went Extinct 10,000 Years Ago

Giant beavers (members of the genus Castoroides) inhabited North America throughout the mid- to late Pleistocene. They went extinct along with dozens of other megafaunal species at the end of the last Ice Age, approximately 10,000 years ago. Now a team of researchers in Canada has uncovered a possible reason …

Read More »

Two T. rex Little Cousins Discovered

Two new species of predatory megaraptoran dinosaurs have been identified from fossils found in Thailand. Phuwiangvenator yaemniyomi (left) and Vayuraptor nongbualamphuensis. Image credit: Adun Samathi / Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms Universität Bonn. The two new species, named Phuwiangvenator yaemniyomi and Vayuraptor nongbualamphuensis, roamed the Earth approximately 125 million years ago (Cretaceous period). …

Read More »

Paleontologists Find One-Billion-Year-Old Fossil Fungi in Canada

An international team of paleontologists has discovered 1,000- to 900-million-year-old microfossils of a fungus in estuarine shale of the Grassy Bay Formation in Arctic Canada. These multicellular organic-walled microfossils are more than half a billion years older than previously reported occurrences of fungi. Microphotograph of Ourasphaira giraldae. Image credit: Loron …

Read More »

99-Million-Year-Old Ammonite Found in Burmese Amber

An international team of paleontologists has found a piece of amber containing the beautifully preserved ammonite, several marine and land organisms that lived 99 million years ago (Cretaceous period). The 99-million-year-old piece of amber from northern Myanmar. Image credit: Nanjing Institute of Geology and Palaeontology. The ammonite-bearing piece of amber …

Read More »

Tiny Jurassic Dinosaur Had Membranous Wings

A previously unknown species of bird-like dinosaur with pterosaur-like wings has been discovered by a team of paleontologists working with the Institute of Vertebrate Paleontology and Paleoanthropology and Center for Excellence in Life and Paleoenvironment at Chinese Academy of Science. The discovery, reported in the May 9 issue of the …

Read More »

Tiny Millipede from Cretaceous Period Found in Burmese Amber

A team of paleontologists from Bulgaria and Germany has found the surprisingly unusual and perfectly preserved millipede in 99-million-year-old amber from Myanmar (formerly Burma). Burmanopetalum inexpectatum. Image credit: Leif Moritz. Millipedes are a highly diverse but also a largely understudied group of arthropods with over 11,000 described species. The actual …

Read More »

Meet Callichimaera perplexa, Strangest Crab that Has Ever Lived

An international team of paleontologists has found the exceptionally preserved fossilized remains of an enigmatic new type of crab, Callichimaera perplexa, which lived approximately 95 million years ago (mid-Cretaceous period) in what are now Colombia and the United States. Callichimaera perplexa. Image credit: Elissa Martin, Yale Peabody Museum of Natural …

Read More »

Carnivorous Mammal Larger than Polar Bear Once Roamed Kenya

carnivorous-mammal-larger-than-polar-bear-once-roamed-kenya

A gigantic meat-eating mammal has been discovered — after its jaw, portions of its skull, and parts of its skeleton spent several decades sitting in a museum. Simbakubwa kutokaafrika, a hyaenodont that was larger than a polar bear. Image credit: Mauricio Anton. Dubbed Simbakubwa kutokaafrika (means ‘Big lion from Africa’ …

Read More »